CV and Publications

CV: cv_harkness_nov2022.pdf


2018. When Soldiers Rebel: Ethnic Armies and Political Instability in Africa. Cambridge University Press. [Online Supplementary Material]

Peer Reviewed Articles:

2022. “Security Force Assistance to Cameroon: How Building Enclave Units Deeps Autocracy.” International Affairs 98(6): 2099-2117.

2022. “The Ethnic Stacking in Africa Dataset: When Leaders Use Ascriptive Identity to Build Military Institutions.” Conflict Management and Peace Science 39(5): 609-632. [Dataset including codebook, please cite both the article and dataset when using]

2021. “Teaching the Military and Revolutions: Simulating Civil-Military Relations during Mass Uprisings.” PS: Political Science and Politics 47(2): 513-517. (with Marc R. DeVore) [Online Supplementary Material]

2021. “Detecting the Need for Change: How the British Army Adapted to Warfare on the Western Front and in the Southern Cameroons.” European Journal of International Security 6(1): 66-85. (with Michael Hunzeker)

2018. “Measuring the Landscape of Civil War: Evaluating Geographic Coding Decisions with Data from the Mau Mau Rebellion” Journal of Peace Research 55(2): 190-205. (with Rex Douglass) [Online appendix, code, and replication data]

2017. “Military Loyalty and the Failure of Democratization in Africa: How Ethnic Armies Shape the Capacity of Presidents to Defy Term Limits.”  Democratization 24(5): 801-818. [Online Appendix]

2016. “The Ethnic Army and the State: Explaining Coup Traps and the Difficulties of Democratization in Africa.” Journal of Conflict Resolution 60(4): 587-616. [Online Appendix, decolonization_data, democratization_data, Rcode available on request].

  • Winner of the 2017 African Politics Conference Group (APCG) Best Article Award

2015. “US Security Assistance in Africa: The Case for More.” Parameters 45(2): 13-24.

2015. “Military Maladaptation: Counterinsurgency and the Politics of Failure.” Journal of Strategic Studies 38(6): 777-800. (with Michael Hunzeker)

2014. “The Strategy Project: Teaching Strategic Thinking through Crisis Simulation.” PS: Political Science & Politics 47(2): 513-17. (with Michael Hunzeker)

Book Chapters:

2020. “Cameroon: The Military and Autocratic Stability.” In Oxford Encyclopedia of the Military in Politics. Oxford University Press.

2019. “Militaries.” In, Gabrielle Lynch and Peter VonDoepp (eds.), Handbook of Democratization in Africa. Routledge.

Blogposts and Policy Writing:

2022 (May 23). “Security Force Assistance in Africa is Shoring Up Dictatorships.Irregular Warfare Initiative (hosted by the Modern War Institute at West Point).

2022 (February 23). “Diversifying Africa’s Militaries May Be the Key to Democratization.” Democracy in Africa.

2022 (February 9). “Africa Has Had Eight Coup Attempts in Recent Months. What’s Behind the ‘Coup Epidemic’?The Monkey Cage (hosted by the Washington Post).

2021. Chair, “Policy Roundtable: The Military and Mass Protests in Africa,” and author of contributing article, “Introduction: The Military and Mass Protests in Africa.” Texas National Security Review.

2017 (November 22). “Without Mugabe, Is Democracy Coming to Zimbabwe? Probably Not.The Monkey Cage (hosted by the Washington Post).

2016 (October 9). “To Promote Stability and Democracy in Africa Focus on Its Militaries.” Lawfare (hosted by the Lawfare Institute in cooperation with the Brookings Institution).

Book Reviews:

2021. “Review: Divided Armies: Inequality and Battlefield Performance in Modern War by Jason Lyall (Princeton: Princeton University Press).” ISSF/H-Diplo Roundtable XII-11.

2014. “Is Vision Enough? Review: Africa Emerges: Consummate Challenges, Abundant Opportunities by Robert I. Rotberg (Cambridge and Malden, MA: Polity Press).” Review of Politics 76(3): 525-527.

2013. “Review: The Soldier and the Changing State: Building Democratic Armies in Africa, Asia, Europe, and the Americas by Zoltan Barany (Princeton: Princeton University Press).”  Political Science Quarterly 128(3): 572-574.

Working Papers:

  • “Mass Protests and Ethnic Armies: How Coup Proofing Impacts Military Defection” (with Kara Kingma Neu)
  • “Does Coup Proofing Work? The Impact of Ethnic Stacking on Leader Survival and Coup Risk”
  • “‘Let Us Now Praise Coups’? Military Coups and the Long-Term Prospects for Democratic Consolidation.”
  • “The Costs of Silence: Collective Punishment and Intelligence Extortion during the Kenya Emergency” (with Rex Douglass)
  • “Logics of Brutality: An Analytical Framework for Comparing COIN Tactical Effectiveness Across Contexts”
  • “Barriers to Peace: Ethnic War and the Paradox of Rebel-Military Integration”